2 euro Spain 2010, Historic Centre of Cordoba - UNESCO World Heritage Sites series

2 Euro Coins Spain 2010 Historic Centre of Cordoba UNESCO World Heritage

Spanish commemorative 2 euro coins - Cordoba's historic centre – UNESCO World Heritage series

Commemorative 2 euro coins from Spain

The coin commemorates the first Spanish site – the historical centre of Cordoba – to be included in the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1984. It portrays the ‘forest of pillars' of the Great Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba, one of the greatest and oldest examples of Islamic art in Europe. Built between the 8th and 10th centuries, the Mosque was later consecrated as a Christian cathedral and underwent successive transformations. The coin is the first in a new series dedicated to the Spanish sites included in the UNESCO World Heritage list, which will be issued every year starting in 2010.

Description of the design: The inner part of the coin depicts the interior of the Mosque-Cathedral of Córdoba. On the left, the Mint mark. Below, the name of the issuing country followed by the year of issue ‘ESPAÑA 2010’.
The outer ring of the coin depicts the 12 stars of the European flag.

Reverse: left from the coin centre face value: 2, on the right inscription: EURO; in the background of the inscription a map of Europe; in the background of the map vertically six parallel lines ending on both sides with five-pointed stars (the reverse is common for all euro coins)

Number of coins to be issued: 8 million
Date of issue: 3 March 2010
Face value:     2 euro
Diameter:        25.75 mm
Thickness:       2.2 mm
Weight:           8.5 gr
Composition: BiAlloy (Nk/Ng), ring Cupronickel (75% copper - 25% nickel clad on nickel core), center Nickel brass
€2 Edge Inscription: The Spainish €2 coin edge inscription is '2', followed by two stars, repeated six times alternately upright and inverted.
Mint Location: Fábrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre (National Factory of Coins and Stamps), in Madrid, Spain.
Mint Marks: Mintmark of the Madrid mint: the letter 'M' under a crown.
Located at the lower left side, inner circle.
National Identification: Text: 'ESPAÑA'; Local short form of Spain.

Spanish UNESCO World Heritage Sites series:
Spain started the commemorative coin series Patrimonio de la Humanidad de la UNESCO (UNESCO World Heritage) in 2010, commemorating all of Spain's UNESCO World Heritage Sites, which could continue until 2050. The order in which the coin for a specific site is issued coincides with the order in which they were declared a UNESCO World Heritage site. The coins issued are: 2 euro 2010 Mosque-Cathedral, Historic Centre of Córdoba, 2 euro 2011 Patio de los Leones of the Alhambra, Generalife and Albayzín, Granada, 2 euro 2012 Burgos Cathedral, 2 euro 2013 Monastery and Site of the Escorial, Madrid, 2 euro 2014 Works of Antoni Gaudí, 2 euro 2015 Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain, 2 euro 2016 Old city of Segovia and its aqueduct.

Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba 
The Mosque–Cathedral of Córdoba (Spanish: Mezquita–catedral de Córdoba, Mezquita de Córdoba), also called the Mezquita and the Great Mosque of Córdoba, or the Cathedral of the Assumption of Our Lady is a medieval Islamic mosque that was converted into a Catholic Christian cathedral in the Spanish city of Córdoba, Andalusia. The mosque is regarded as the one of the most accomplished monuments of Moorish architecture. Since the early 2000s (decade), Spanish Muslims have lobbied the Roman Catholic Church to allow them to pray in the cathedral. The Muslim campaign has been rejected on multiple occasions, by both Spanish Catholic authorities, and the Vatican.

Córdoba, Andalusia
Córdoba, also called Cordova in English, is a city in Andalusia, southern Spain, and the capital of the province of Córdoba. An Iberian and Roman city in ancient times, during the postclassical period (Middle Ages), it became the capital of an Islamic caliphate. The old town contains numerous architectural reminders of when Corduba was the capital of Hispania Ulterior during the Roman Republic and capital of Hispania Baetica during the Roman Empire; and when Qurṭubah (قرطبة) was the capital of the Islamic Caliphate of Córdoba, including most of the Iberian Peninsula.
It has been estimated that in the 10th century Córdoba was the most populous city in the world, and under the rule of Caliph Al Hakam II it had also become a centre for education under its Islamic rulers. Al Hakam II opened many libraries on top of the many medical schools and universities which existed at this time. Such universities contributed towards developments in mathematics and astronomy. During these centuries Córdoba had become the intellectual centre of Europe and was also noted for its predominantly Muslim society that was tolerant toward its Christian and Jewish minorities. Today it is a moderately-sized modern city; its population in 2011 was about 330,000. The historic centre was named a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

2 euro commemorative coin Spain 2010 Cordoba Proof; Spanish commemorative coins 2010 Proof; 2 Euro Spain 2010 Cordoba Proof commemorative coin;