Luxembourgish commemorative 2 euro coins - 90th anniversary of the accession to the throne of Grand-Duchess Charlotte in 1919.
Description: The coin shows the effigy of Grand Duke Henri on the left hand side of its inner part, superimposed on the effigy of the Grand Duchess Charlotte, both looking to the left. The vertically aligned text LËTZEBUERG and the year mark, flanked by the mint master's mark and the mint mark, appear on the right hand side of the inner part of the coin. The twelve stars of the European Union surround the design on the outer ring of the coin.
Reverse: left from the coin centre face value: 2, on the right inscription: EURO; in the background of the inscription a map of Europe; in the background of the map vertically six parallel lines ending on both sides with five-pointed stars (the reverse is common for all euro coins)
Issuing volume: 1,400,000 coins
Date of issue: 15 January 2009
Face value: 2 euro
Diameter: 25.75 mm
Thickness: 2.2 mm
Weight: 8.5 gr
Composition: BiAlloy (Nk/Ng), ring Cupronickel (75% copper - 25% nickel clad on nickel core), center Nickel brass (75% copper - 20% zinc - 5% nickel)
€2 Edge Inscription: The Luxembourgish €2 coin edge inscription is '2', followed by two stars, repeated six times alternately upright and inverted.
Mint Location: Koninklijke Nederlandse Munt (Royal Dutch Mint), in Utrecht, Netherlands.
Mint Marks: Mintmark of the Royal Dutch Mint: a Mercury's Staff. Located at the right inner circle, to the right of the date stamp.
Mint Master Marks: Royal Dutch Mint director, Maarten Brouwer: sailboat. Located at the right inner circle, to the left of the date stamp.
National Identification: Text: 'LËTZEBUERG'; Local short form of Luxembourg.
Born in Berg Castle, Charlotte of Nassau-Weilburg, Princess of Luxembourg, was the second daughter of Grand Duke William IV and his wife, Marie Anne of Portugal.
When her older sister, Marie-Adélaide, who had succeeded their father, was forced to abdicate on 14 January 1919, Charlotte became the one who had to deal with the revolutionary tendencies in the country. Unlike her sister, she chose not to meddle with its politics.
In a referendum about the new constitution on 28 September 1919, 77.8% of the Luxembourgish people voted for the continuation of a Grand Ducal monarchy with Charlotte as head of state. In this constitution, the power of the monarch was severely restricted.
During the German occupation of Luxembourg in World War II, Charlotte, exiled in London, became an important symbol of national unity.