Portuguese commemorative 2 euro coins 2010 - Centenary of the Portuguese Republic
Commemorative 2 euro coins from Portugal
Reverse: left from the coin centre face value: 2, on the right inscription: EURO; in the background of the inscription a map of Europe; in the background of the map vertically six parallel lines ending on both sides with five-pointed stars (the reverse is common for all euro coins)
Issuing volume: 2.035 million coins
Date of issue: September 2010
Face value: 2 euro
Diameter: 25.75 mm
Thickness: 2.2 mm
Weight: 8.5 gr
Composition: BiAlloy (Nk/Ng), ring Cupronickel (75% copper - 25% nickel clad on nickel core), center Nickel brass
Design Credit: José Cândido is credited as the sculptor for the Portuguese 2010 €2 Euro Commemorative coin.
Designer / Engraver Inscriptions: 'José Cândido' First and last name of the sculptor:
€2 Edge Inscription: The Portuguese €2 coin edge inscription is comprised of seven castles and five shields:
Mint Location: Imprensa Nacional e Casa da Moeda (INCM) (National Currency Mint House), in Lisbon, Portugal
Mint Marks: Abbreviation of the Lisbon Mint: INCM. Located at left side, center, inner circle.
National Identification: Text: 'PORTUGAL'
After a reluctance of the military to combat the nearly two thousand soldiers and sailors that rebelled between 3 and 4 October 1910, the Republic was proclaimed at 9 o'clock of the next day from the balcony of the Paços do Concelho in Lisbon. After the revolution, a provisional government led by Teófilo Braga directed the fate of the country until the approval of the Constitution in 1911 that marked the beginning of the First Republic. Among other things, with the establishment of the republic, national symbols were changed: the national anthem and the flag. The revolution and the republic which it spawned are noted for a severe anticlericalism. The constitution which the revolution produced generally accorded full civil liberties, the religious liberties of Catholics being an exception.
“ Simões found the face of the girl funny and invited her to be a model. The mother said that she'd allow it but with two conditions: that she would be present in the sessions and that the daughter would not be undressed. ”
The bust shows Republic wearing a Phrygian cap, influence of the French Revolution. Simões' bust was soon adopted by Freemasonry and used in the funerals of Miguel Bombarda and Cândido dos Reis, but when the final contest took place, despite its relative popularity, it was second place to the bust by Francisco dos Santos.